R Dataset / Package DAAG / bomsoi2001

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<iframe src="https://embed.picostat.com/r-dataset-package-daag-bomsoi2001.html" frameBorder="0" width="100%" height="307px" />
Attachment Size
dataset-70231.csv 7.86 KB
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Dataset Help

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the bomsoi2001 data set which pertains to Southern Oscillation Index Data. The bomsoi2001 data set is found in the DAAG R package. You can load the bomsoi2001 data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("bomsoi2001"). This will load the data into a variable called bomsoi2001. If R says the bomsoi2001 data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("DAAG") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the bomsoi2001 R data set. The size of this file is about 8,046 bytes.

Documentation

Southern Oscillation Index Data

Description

The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is the difference in barometric pressure at sea level between Tahiti and Darwin. Annual SOI and Australian rainfall data, for the years 1900-2001, are given. Australia's annual mean rainfall is an area-weighted average of the total annual precipitation at approximately 370 rainfall stations around the country.

Usage

bomsoi2001

Format

This data frame contains the following columns:

Year

a numeric vector

Jan

average January SOI values for each year

Feb

average February SOI values for each year

Mar

average March SOI values for each year

Apr

average April SOI values for each year

May

average May SOI values for each year

Jun

average June SOI values for each year

Jul

average July SOI values for each year

Aug

average August SOI values for each year

Sep

average September SOI values for each year

Oct

average October SOI values for each year

Nov

average November SOI values for each year

Dec

average December SOI values for each year

SOI

a numeric vector consisting of average annual SOI values

avrain

a numeric vector consisting of a weighted average annual rainfall at a large number of Australian sites

Source

Australian Bureau of Meteorology web pages:

http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/change/rain02.txt and http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/soihtm1.shtml

References

Nicholls, N., Lavery, B., Frederiksen, C.\ and Drosdowsky, W. 1996. Recent apparent changes in relationships between the El Nino – southern oscillation and Australian rainfall and temperature. Geophysical Research Letters 23: 3357-3360.

See Also

bomsoi

Examples

 
bomsoi <- bomsoi2001
plot(ts(bomsoi[, 15:14], start=1900),
     panel=function(y,...)panel.smooth(1900:2001, y,...))
pause()# Check for skewness by comparing the normal probability plots for 
# different a, e.g.
par(mfrow = c(2,3))
for (a in c(50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300))
qqnorm(log(bomsoi[, "avrain"] - a))
  # a = 250 leads to a nearly linear plotpause()par(mfrow = c(1,1))
plot(bomsoi$SOI, log(bomsoi$avrain - 250), xlab = "SOI",
     ylab = "log(avrain = 250)")
lines(lowess(bomsoi$SOI)$y, lowess(log(bomsoi$avrain - 250))$y, lwd=2)
  # NB: separate lowess fits against time
lines(lowess(bomsoi$SOI, log(bomsoi$avrain - 250)))
pause()xbomsoi <-
  with(bomsoi, data.frame(SOI=SOI, cuberootRain=avrain^0.33))
xbomsoi$trendSOI <- lowess(xbomsoi$SOI)$y
xbomsoi$trendRain <- lowess(xbomsoi$cuberootRain)$y
rainpos <- pretty(bomsoi$avrain, 5)
with(xbomsoi,
     {plot(cuberootRain ~ SOI, xlab = "SOI",
           ylab = "Rainfall (cube root scale)", yaxt="n")
     axis(2, at = rainpos^0.33, labels=paste(rainpos))
## Relative changes in the two trend curves
     lines(lowess(cuberootRain ~ SOI))
     lines(lowess(trendRain ~ trendSOI), lwd=2)
  })
pause()xbomsoi$detrendRain <-
  with(xbomsoi, cuberootRain - trendRain + mean(trendRain))
xbomsoi$detrendSOI <-
  with(xbomsoi, SOI - trendSOI + mean(trendSOI))
oldpar <- par(mfrow=c(1,2), pty="s")
plot(cuberootRain ~ SOI, data = xbomsoi,
     ylab = "Rainfall (cube root scale)", yaxt="n")
axis(2, at = rainpos^0.33, labels=paste(rainpos))
with(xbomsoi, lines(lowess(cuberootRain ~ SOI)))
plot(detrendRain ~ detrendSOI, data = xbomsoi,
  xlab="Detrended SOI", ylab = "Detrended rainfall", yaxt="n")
axis(2, at = rainpos^0.33, labels=paste(rainpos))
with(xbomsoi, lines(lowess(detrendRain ~ detrendSOI)))
pause()par(oldpar)
attach(xbomsoi)
xbomsoi.ma0 <- arima(detrendRain, xreg=detrendSOI, order=c(0,0,0))
# ordinary regression modelxbomsoi.ma12 <- arima(detrendRain, xreg=detrendSOI,
                      order=c(0,0,12))
# regression with MA(12) errors -- all 12 MA parameters are estimated
xbomsoi.ma12
pause()xbomsoi.ma12s <- arima(detrendRain, xreg=detrendSOI,
                      seasonal=list(order=c(0,0,1), period=12))
# regression with seasonal MA(1) (lag 12) errors -- only 1 MA parameter
# is estimated
xbomsoi.ma12s
pause()xbomsoi.maSel <- arima(x = detrendRain, order = c(0, 0, 12),
                        xreg = detrendSOI, fixed = c(0, 0, 0,
                        NA, rep(0, 4), NA, 0, NA, NA, NA, NA),
                        transform.pars=FALSE)
# error term is MA(12) with fixed 0's at lags 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10
# NA's are used to designate coefficients that still need to be estimated
# transform.pars is set to FALSE, so that MA coefficients are not
# transformed (see help(arima))detach(xbomsoi)
pause()Box.test(resid(lm(detrendRain ~ detrendSOI, data = xbomsoi)),
          type="Ljung-Box", lag=20)pause()attach(xbomsoi)
 xbomsoi2.maSel <- arima(x = detrendRain, order = c(0, 0, 12),
                         xreg = poly(detrendSOI,2), fixed = c(0,
                         0, 0, NA, rep(0, 4), NA, 0, rep(NA,5)),
                         transform.pars=FALSE)
 xbomsoi2.maSel
qqnorm(resid(xbomsoi.maSel, type="normalized"))
detach(xbomsoi)
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.