# R Dataset / Package datasets / ToothGrowth

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## Visual Summaries

Embed
<iframe src="https://embed.picostat.com/r-dataset-package-datasets-toothgrowth.html" frameBorder="0" width="100%" height="307px" />
Attachment Size
760 bytes
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Dataset Help

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the ToothGrowth data set which pertains to The Effect of Vitamin C on Tooth Growth in Guinea Pigs. The ToothGrowth data set is found in the datasets R package. You can load the ToothGrowth data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("ToothGrowth"). This will load the data into a variable called ToothGrowth. If R says the ToothGrowth data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("datasets") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the ToothGrowth R data set. The size of this file is about 760 bytes.

Documentation

## The Effect of Vitamin C on Tooth Growth in Guinea Pigs

### Description

The response is the length of odontoblasts (cells responsible for tooth growth) in 60 guinea pigs. Each animal received one of three dose levels of vitamin C (0.5, 1, and 2 mg/day) by one of two delivery methods, (orange juice or ascorbic acid (a form of vitamin C and coded as VC).

### Usage

ToothGrowth

### Format

A data frame with 60 observations on 3 variables.

 [,1] len numeric Tooth length [,2] supp factor Supplement type (VC or OJ). [,3] dose numeric Dose in milligrams/day

### Source

C. I. Bliss (1952) The Statistics of Bioassay. Academic Press.

### References

McNeil, D. R. (1977) Interactive Data Analysis. New York: Wiley.

Crampton, E. W. (1947) The growth of the odontoblast of the incisor teeth as a criterion of vitamin C intake of the guinea pig. The Journal of Nutrition 33(5): 491–504. http://jn.nutrition.org/content/33/5/491.full.pdf

### Examples

require(graphics)
coplot(len ~ dose | supp, data = ToothGrowth, panel = panel.smooth,
xlab = "ToothGrowth data: length vs dose, given type of supplement")

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Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

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