# R Dataset / Package Ecdat / breaches

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## Visual Summaries

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R Dataset Help

On this Picostat.com statistics page, you will find information about the breaches data set which pertains to Cyber Security Breaches . The breaches data set is found in the Ecdat R package. You can load the breaches data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("breaches"). This will load the data into a variable called breaches. If R says the breaches data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("Ecdat") and then attempt to reload the data. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the breaches R data set. The size of this file is about 268,593 bytes.

Documentation

## Cyber Security Breaches

### Description

data.frame of cyber security breaches involving health care records of 500 or more humans reported to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as of June 27, 2014.

### Usage

data(breaches)

### Format

A data.frame with 1055 observations on the following 24 variables:

Number

integer record number in the HHS data base

Name_of_Covered_Entity

factor giving the name of the entity experiencing the breach

State

Factor giving the 2-letter code of the state where the breach occurred. This has 52 levels for the 50 states plus the District of Columbia (DC) and Puerto Rico (PR).

Factor giving the name of a subcontractor (or blank) associated with the breach.

Individuals_Affected

integer number of humans whose records were compromised in the breach. This is 500 or greater; U.S. law requires reports of breaches involving 500 or more records but not of breaches involving fewer.

Date_of_Breach

character vector giving the date or date range of the breach. Recodes as Dates in breach_start and breach_end.

Type_of_Breach

factor with 29 levels giving the type of breach (e.g., "Theft" vs., "Unauthorized Access/Disclosure", etc.)

Location_of_Breached_Information

factor with 41 levels coding the location from which the breach occurred (e.g., "Paper", "Laptop", etc.)

Date_Posted_or_Updated

Date the information was posted to the HHS data base or last updated.

Summary

character vector of a summary of the incident.

breach_start

Date of the start of the incident = first date given in Date_of_Breach above.

breach_end Date of the end of the incident or NA if only one date is given in Date_of_Breach above. year integer giving the year of the breach

### Details

The data primarily consists of breaches that occurred from 2010 through early 2014 when the extract was taken. However, a few breaches are recorded including 1 from 1997, 8 from 2002-2007, 13 from 2008 and 56 from 2009. The numbers of breaches from 2010 - 2014 are 211, 229, 227, 254 and 56, respectively. (A chi-square test for equality of the counts from 2010 through 2013 is 4.11, which with 3 degrees of freedom has a significance probability of 0.25. Thus, even though the lowest number is the first and the largest count is the last, the apparent trend is not statistically significant under the usual assumption of independent Poisson trials.)

The following corrections were made to the file:

 Number Name of Covered Entity Corrections 45 Wyoming Department of Health Cause of breach was missing. Added "Unauthorized Access / Disclosure" per smartbreif.com/03/29/10 55 Reliant Rehabilitation Hospital North Cause of breach was missing. Added "Unauthorized Houston Access / Disclosure" per Dissent. "Two Breaches Involving Unauthorized Access Lead to Notification." PHIprivacy.net. N.p., 20 Apr. 2010. 123 Aetna Cause of breach was missing. Added Improper disposal per Aetna.com/news/newsReleases/2010/0630 157 Mayo Clinic Cause of breach was missing. Added Unauthorized Access/Disclosure per Anderson, Howard. "Mayo Fires "Employees in 2 Incidents: Both Involved Unauthorized Access to Records." Data Breach Today. N.p., 4 Oct. 2010 341 Saint Barnabas MedicL Center Misspelled "Saint Barnabas Medical Center" 347 Americar Health Medicare Misspelled "American Health Medicare" 484 Lake Granbury Medicl Ceter Misspelled "Lake Granbury Medical Center" 782 See list of Practices under Item 9 Replaced name as "Cogent Healthcare, Inc." checked from XML and web documents 805 Dermatology Associates of Tallahassee Had 00/00/0000 on breach date. This was crossed check to determine that it was Sept 4, 2013 with 916 records 815 Santa Clara Valley Medical Center Mistype breach year as 09/14/2913 corrected as 09/14/2013 961 Valley View Hosptial Association Misspelled "Valley View Hospital Association" 1034 Bio-Reference Laboratories, Inc. Date changed from 00/00/000 to 2/02/2014 as subsequently determined.

### Source

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Health Information Privacy: Breaches Affecting 500 or More Individuals

HHSCyberSecurityBreaches for a version of these data downloaded more recently. This newer version includes changes in reporting and in the variables included in the data.frame.

### Examples

data(breaches)
quantile(breaches\$Individuals_Affected)
# confirm that the smallest number is 500
# -- and the largest is 4.9e6
# ... and there are no NAsdDays <- with(breaches, breach_end - breach_start)
quantile(dDays, na.rm=TRUE)
# confirm that breach_end is NA or is later than
# breach_start

--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

All Public Datasets File Size
Test 394 bytes
Q1 332 bytes
prova_Correlatio 593 bytes
profva
test 332 bytes
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